The 4 Ds of Time Management


Excellent time management equals greater productivity and efficiency, but poor time management results in loss of productivity, profitability, and perhaps even business collapse. The 4 Ds of time management offer an opportunity for better time control.

This becomes necessary when we consider that according to Gallup, 82% of employees are not engaged at work, which has resulted in a loss of $7 trillion in productivity.

Further research shows that the average employee is productive for only two hours and 53 minutes a day. This time management gap has huge consequences for companies.

What are the 4 Ds of time management?

The 4 Ds of time management is a powerful time management technique designed to help you filter tasks, set priorities and optimize work processes to enable you to focus on the most urgent and important aspects of your work.

The 4 Ds stand for “Drop,” “Delay,” “Delegate,” and “Do.” This time management framework originated from the Eisenhower Matrix, comprising a simple matrix of two axes that represent the degrees of urgency and importance. The “D” is the strategy for optimizing your schedule for improved time management skills.

One of the current challenges facing employers is tracking and controlling workplace distractions that affect productivity.

The Gallup’s State of the American Workplace survey revealed that 50% of US workers report being distracted at work. In the same vein, according to the American Institute on Stress, 40% of employees suffer from workplace anxiety.

Distractions have a tremendous impact on a company’s productivity and profitability. Understanding the 4 Ds of time management system using effective time tracking and management, especially with TimeTrack’s modern features, can solve common distraction and time-wasting challenges.


TimeTrack – Project Management

Explained: the 4 Ds of time management


A drop helps you eliminate time-wasters in your schedule. There will come a time when you need to make personal and health sacrifices. Let’s say you’re a freelancer who hasn’t gotten gigs for a long time. Suddenly, many opportunities come knocking at once and you accept so many projects that your health suffers. Yet, you must sacrifice to keep the promise you made to your clients. Dropping means shedding the excess workload so you can deliver on time and save your inspiration and energy for subsequent projects.

This also means you need to analyze your routine and find out the biggest waster of your time. Is it unnecessary meetings? Maybe excessive time managing subordinates?


Distractions can sap your productivity

Most of the activities on the schedule may be essential so you probably can’t drop it outright. You could limit your time or drop some activities with no apparent immediate value. One common time eater is social media surfing, especially when you should be engaged in work activities. One idea is to set aside a snippet of time to check emails and social media.


An ever-growing workload can trigger desperation and panic. The good thing is that you needn’t do everything yourself. Your team is there for collaboration. Work on delegating for the betterment of everyone’s tasks. It is said that a manager who finds it difficult to delegate should ask himself why. Delegating helps to free up precious time, supports new skill development and empowers employees to develop new capabilities as it encourages prioritization of tasks.

Delegating facilitates learning. Eisenhower suggested you learn as much as possible from those who perform better, see clearer and know better than you. This learning comes when you share assignments with others who have the skills and knowledge. Delegating has an enormous benefit: it helps you get rid of unnecessary work burdens. Some activities you may delegate include but are not limited to: conducting surveys, shortlisting CVs, invoicing and expenses, scheduling interviews.


Have you ever been inspired and excited in a quiet place where ideas and thoughts were flowing, but then someone came up to you and asked for something? It is frustrating to be thrown off your stride, especially if the request was trivial. And when you try to go back that well of creativity without success, the frustration can spiral further! You need patience and to understand how to delay such a flow.

Eisenhower stated, “What is important is seldom urgent, and what is urgent is seldom important.” The key thing is that your table may have piles of work, which may be important but not urgent. If you don’t have to do it now, do it later. For instance, checking emails may be important, but is it urgent? If it’s not urgent, delay it.

With a rising workload, you need to master task prioritization and separate “fake” urgent tasks. This will help you plan your work in chronological order, but also with deadlines. And so, you keep procrastination at bay. This is especially true for multitasking. It is a trap that can cause lowered effectiveness. Prioritise to delay doing things that you can do later.


When you have eliminated time-wasting activities, delegate tasks to free up more time, postpone what you can do later, and prioritize what is urgent. If a project has to be submitted that day, focus on things with an urgent status that relate to that project.

An emergency may happen, but you must be prepared to work on it to deliver. Focus on essential tasks after you have dropped, delegated, and delayed certain tasks. This will limit your chances of burnout arising from excessive workload.

Significance of 4 Ds of time management

Dwight Eisenhower, a former American President, 5-star General of the US Army, the first NATO Supreme Commander and Commander of the Allied Forces in Europe during WWII, was a master of planning principles. His urgency-importance matrix speaks volumes about time management. His work teaches us about the efficiency of the time tracking system in prioritizing and documenting tasks.

Time tracking efficiency is vital for project managers. A small-time change has a tremendous impact. This draws attention to the importance of timesheets, which help you to keep track of project costs. Research has shown that tightening timesheets by a 30% margin in a day could yield about 4% profitability. By applying the principles of the 4 Ds of time management, you can save a significant amount of money and time.

Applying the 4 Ds of time management principle will address the problems of ineffective scheduling, multitasking and skipping breaks. It will enhance effective planning, limit distractions and stress, and promote single-tasking and setting priorities.

Pros and cons of the 4 Ds technique

There is no one-size-fits-all strategy for time management. Each time management strategy has both merits and downsides.


  • The 4 Ds of time management helps to lower stress and burnout while increasing time efficiency and productivity.
  • This time management framework requires no special tools for processing. A simple notebook is all you need to categorize and prioritize tasks for effective implementation.
  • The 4 Ds style of time management challenges you to evaluate the importance of every task before committing resources. It also helps to sharpen your decision-making and analytical skills.


  • The 4 Ds of time management can seem sophisticated and complicated. At first, that is. All it takes is some practice and consistency.
  • At first, the inability to figure out what to drop, delay and delegate will clog the wheel of effective implementation of project tasks. Managers may get so overwhelmed with work that they fail to optimize the system.
  • People with limited control over their schedules may struggle to implement the time framework.

Apply the 4 Ds of time management

One of the most effective strategies to implement this time management framework is to develop goal-setting techniques. Reflect on the steps you should take to achieve your goals. The period for achieving these goals should span days, weeks and months.

Each morning, reprioritize and write out the things you need to achieve based on urgency and necessity. Consider how important and urgent each task is to decide if you should drop it, put it off, give it to someone else or do it yourself.

Creating and following the procedure could be challenging, especially when starting. This means you need to break down the process. To do this, get rid of those habits that waste your time or make it hard for you to use the system well.

Productivity with the 4 Ds of time management

There are a few steps you can take to ensure the 4 Ds of time management work for you.

  1. Eliminate worries and distractions

One of the many challenges of ensuring a high productivity is eliminating distractions. Worry is one of those time-wasters that operate at the subconscious level. With the 4 Ds of time management, you are able to stay focused, maximize valuable resources, eliminate tasks that are not time-sensitive and pay attention to a more streamlined project list.

  1. One task at a time

Focusing on important things is difficult if there are numerous little tasks that eat up chunks of your precious time. Seemingly miniscule tasks like sending text messages, answering “quick” calls, checking emails and updating a calendar quickly pile up. According to a UC Irvine study, it takes 23 minutes to regain focus after one interruption.

  1. Turn off online distractions

One of the most efficient strategies to maximize time management is to avoid online time wastage. Only check emails when needed. Set them to “do not disturb” status and only go back to check them when the time is right.

  1. Switch between tasks

Always focusing on high-attention tasks immediately and for a long time is certainly one way to drain your mental energy! Alternate between high-and low-attention tasks to ensure maximum concentration at work.

  1. Prioritizing is everything

A consistently heavy workload saps energy, distracts you and causes procrastination. To regain time control, prioritize and refocus on what is most important to you. Give unnecessary tasks the boot from your to-do list.

Time tracking with the 4 Ds

TimeTrack is a time tracking software that will help you implement the 4 Ds time management framework successfully. The software helps employees record their working hours, streamline the to-do list and gives managers or senior management a better overview of the company’s work processes, making projects transparent and efficient.


Schedules, to-do lists and planning are simple with TimeTrack

Assess Test TimeTrack for your own company and see how you can incorporate the 4 Ds of time management into your daily goal setting and time management techniques.